About Concussions

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head. Concussions can also occur from a fall or a blow to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, stretching and damaging brain cells and creating chemical changes in the brain. Doctors may describe a concussion as a “mild” brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, their effects can be serious.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of concussion can range from being hard-to-see to quite obvious.

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Many people who have a concussion will experience initial symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, thinking difficulties, and changes in behavior. Most people can expect their symptoms to diminish after 2-3 weeks.

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Accommodation & Follow-Up Care

After a concussion, it is important to find a balance between being at rest and participating in activities. There is no circumstance when somebody should return to an activity where suffering a new concussion is a significant risk.

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All Schools – All Concussions Toolkit

This toolkit is designed to aid school administrators, athletic directors, school nurses, coaches and others with a comprehensive Return-To-Learn and Return-To-Play concussion management plan. Because each individual school situation is unique, different parts of the plan can be adapted to the school but the basic concepts of an overall plan will be the same. If you have any questions or concerns about this toolkit please email us at:

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All you need to know and more about concussions BIAVT brochure:

Creating a better future for Vermonters affected by brain injury through prevention, education, advocacy and support. 

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